Improved benthic population and water quality
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency showcased Middle Creek, Va. as one of its nonpoint source success stories.
Pollution from decades of coal mining resulted in reduced benthic populations in the area so the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) added an 11-mile segment of Middle Creek to the Clean Water Act section 303(d) list of impaired waters. Between 2000 and 2005, the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy’s Department of Mined Lands and Reclamation (DMLR) implemented mined-land best management practices (BMPs). Post-BMP water quality monitoring indicated significant improvements, prompting DEQ to remove Middle Creek from the list of impaired waters in 2006.
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